Forex Trading

Whats the difference between the renminbi and the yuan? The answer to this and other questions in Renminbi Internationalization

Whats the difference between the renminbi and the yuan? The answer to this and other questions in Renminbi Internationalization

what is chinese money called

While refined gold is inscribed with the refinery’s name and date, making it readily identifiable as Russian, it can be remelted and then resold as anything-but-Russian gold. Digitalization promises to democratize international payments by allowing settlement between currencies without exchanging to the dollar first. In April, JPMorgan, DBS and Singapore’s state-owned investment company Temasek announced the creation of a wholesale digital-currency clearinghouse.

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For example, in the Chinese pilot program, money has an expiration date of a few weeks because authorities are hoping to drive consumption in an economy trying to recover from the pandemic. If the government is trying to stimulate the hospitality industry in a certain area, for example, it can program money to be used for meals and drinks but not for, say, petrol or power tools. If a hurricane devastates a coastal town, the government can instantly send relief payments to those affected to be spent only on essential supplies.


Read on to discover the different between Chinese renminbi (RMB) and yuan (CNY) and learn to talk about China’s currency in both English and Chinese. The Chinese Yuan continued to lose value during the COVID-19 pandemic, largely due to reduced economic activity and strict lockdowns. In April of 2022, the yuan suffered its largest-ever monthly price drop, losing 7% of its value over three months. In order to distinguish between the mainland currency with other uses of the word, the modern-day Chinese Yuan uses the abbreviation CNY. Forex brokers, for example, will quote prices with the ticker CNY. You could try to adjust your retirement accounts for better protection, but there’s a lesser-known alternative that could pay off big.

  • As a result of unprecedented Western sanctions, Moscow overnight became unable to transact in dollars and euros—the world’s dominant currencies.
  • Since the global financial crisis, China’s capital account has moved in a liberalizing direction for foreign investors but at a slow and non-uniform pace.
  • Libra was “a bit of a wake-up call that this is coming fast,” Federal Reserve Chair Jerome Powell told the House Financial Services Committee last year.
  • Presently, the chances of these steps taking place remain even smaller than the yuan’s current global standing.
  • To give a practical example of this control, let’s recap the Trade War between China and the United States.
  • Once you’ve got your renminbi in hand, be sure to take some time to examine it and think about its history, its future and all the different ways there are to refer to it in both English and Chinese.

China also has been accused of deliberately keeping the yuan’s value low to depress its export prices, but currency manipulation is difficult to prove. The Chinese Soviet Republic issued copper 1 and 5 fen and silver 2 jiao and 1 yuan coins. The Sichuan-Shaanxi (Szechuan-Shensi or Chuan-Shan) Soviet issued copper 200 and 500 wen and silver 1 yuan coins. Banknotes of the yuan suffered from hyperinflation following the Second World War and were replaced in August 1948 by notes denominated in gold yuan, worth 3 million old yuan. There was no link between the gold yuan and gold metal or coins and this yuan also suffered from hyperinflation. The Republic of China, which governs Taiwan, believes wide usage of the renminbi would create an underground economy and undermine its sovereignty.[80] Tourists are allowed to bring in up to ¥20,000 when visiting Taiwan.

Chinese Money Today

Linked to China’s social credit system, it could see citizens fined in a split second for behaviors deemed undesirable. Dissidents and activists could see their wallets emptied or taken offline. Countries and companies doing business with China could be required to use the digital RMB—giving Beijing an unprecedented storehouse of business data. Digital currencies could also empower the state to make it impossible to donate to a vocal NGO, for example, or to purchase alcohol on a weekday.

what is chinese money called

It has already become the world’s second-largest economy and is now one of the largest contributors to global growth. If the PRC continues on its present growth track, it may soon takeover from the United States as the world’s largest economy. Sometimes if a customer tries to pay in cash but does not have the exact amount, shop owners and taxi drivers will say that they cannot make change and request that the customer pays using WeChat or Alipay instead. Unfortunately, however, neither the word “yuan” nor the word “renminbi” is commonly used in China. There is, in fact, very little practical difference between the terms RMB (renminbi) and CNY (Chinese yuan), and you will often hear these two words used interchangeably. The word “yuan” is frequently used in Mandarin translations of foreign currencies.

What is the digital yuan?

However, it is important to recognize that although physical bills are still very much in circulation in China, mobile payment options such as WeChat Pay and Alipay are becoming more and more common. In addition, although you will see the word “yuan” written in Chinese pinyin, you won’t see the character for yuan (元) anywhere. When telling someone how much something costs, you would be unlikely to say “This car costs 10 gold.” You need some sort of unit, such as ounces. Then you could say, “This car costs 10 ounces of gold.” In this example, gold is the currency, and ounce is the unit.

  • You can also refer to the Chinese Yuan as “CNY” (commonly used in the financial market), and Renminbi as “RMB”.
  • Sudden regulatory changes by Xi also shook the online tutoring industry in China.
  • The word yuan, however, is much older, and was originally used to refer to the silver coins that European merchants used to trade with Chinese merchants almost 500 years ago.
  • Countries and companies doing business with China could be required to use the digital RMB—giving Beijing an unprecedented storehouse of business data.

If the forecasts are correct, long-term investors should consider some exposure to yuan-denominated assets and Chinese stocks with significant yuan earnings. Its gross domestic product (GDP) of $17.7 trillion is second only to the United States. It’s also the third-largest trading nation in the world — behind only the U.S. and E.U. Mrugank Bhusari is an assistant director with the GeoEconomics Center focusing on international finance and global governance. Moscow has been looking for alternatives to the euro and dollar since its first invasion of Ukraine in 2014.

What is the Chinese currency called?

Until it stops doing so, international use of the RMB will be limited. And as the U.S. remains the world’s No. 1 economy, a huge proportion of money circulating will remain in dollars. Developing nations will also prefer to retain dollars over erratic domestic currencies. Of course, Chinese commerce is already largely digitized, thanks to the private duopoly of WeChat and Alipay, which together comprise 96% of all mobile payments in the country. Try to pay for a taxicab in Shanghai or Shenzhen with physical notes, and prepare for dirty looks.

If you plan to stay in China short-term, it’s best to stick to what you know and use ATMs to withdraw cash using your international card. Although every store still accepts cash here, we’re almost at the point where it’s kind of weird to use it (unless you’re of an older generation). There might even be the odd occasion in China when a small store won’t have the correct change if you’re paying with cash.

When reading news and analysis of this event, you might see both terms—“renminbi” and “yuan”—used interchangeably. The renminbi is the official currency of the People’s Republic of China, and translates to “people’s money.” Its international symbol is CNY (or CNH in Hong Kong; but abbreviated RMB, with the symbol ¥). In June 2019, Facebook announced it was planning to issue a digital currency—initially dubbed Libra, now called Diem—for its 2.3 billion users. That a private company, servicing almost a third of the global population, was poised to circumvent the existing international monetary system shocked central banks already reeling from the rise of cryptocurrencies. It posed serious questions for the banks’ control over their own countries’ money supply, interest rates, inflation and so on. Libra was “a bit of a wake-up call that this is coming fast,” Federal Reserve Chair Jerome Powell told the House Financial Services Committee last year.

what is chinese money called